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  • 5 Foods Cardiologists Want You To Avoid Eating

    safe exercisesDay in and day out cardiologists see the effects of what a poor diet can do to your heart. And keeping in mind that an occasional indulgence is fine—a glass of red wine here, a bit of chocolate there — there are certain types of foods cardiologist will never let pass their lips.

    Processed meats

    Bacon, hotdogs, sausages and ham, are many of Americans’ daily diets however Jennifer Haythe, MD, a cardiologist and college professor of Medicine at Columbia Presbyterian in New York City won’t go close to them. “These items are truly dripping with saturated fats.

    Also, we realize that sausage and processed meats have been connected to heart failure and cancer,” says Dr. Haythe. What precisely is in processed meat? Processed meat are meat that has been salted, treated, fermented or smoked to improve its shelf life.

    While these foods are fast and helpful, the chemicals and salt used as a part of processed foods are harmful for our hearts, particularly when eaten in bigger amounts. (Related: These are signs you’re eating excessive sodium.)

    Red Meat

    A delicate and juicy steak finished with mushrooms sauteed in butter is a meal you might need to reserve for an extraordinary event. “That delightful steak before you is loaded with saturated fats, cholesterol, and salt,” says Dr. Haythe.

    Dr. Haythe urges every one of her patients to eaten red meat to once per month. When you do eat red meat, look for leaner cuts like eye of round roast, top roast, top sirloin, and sirloin tips. Use spices and herbs for flavor and avoid butter, cream, and hollandaise sauces. Meatless meals can be filling and delightful. Look at these top sources of plant-based protein.

    Potato Chips

    It’s anything but difficult to plow through a pack of potato chips or a giant bowl buttered popcorn yet Dr. Haythe says these snacks can be eaten sized bits of trans-fats, sodium, and carbs. A study circulated in the New England Journal of Medicine found that 99.2 percent of individuals overall consume more than 2,000 milligrams of sodium every day. (Many health associations prescribe close to 1,500 milligrams per day.)

    People who consume more than 2,000 milligrams of sodium every day represent one in 10 cardiovascular deaths. Does this mean you need to surrender popcorn for your next Netflix binge? If you can’t surrender popcorn or chips altogether, take a stab at changing to baked chips as well as lightly salted and buttered popcorn.

    To monitor your portion, leave the sack of chips or popcorn in the kitchen and place a snack in asingle serving bowl. You’ll most likely eat less if you were eating from the sack bowl.


    A week by week pizza night is something most of us expect. Sadly, the main thing we’re getting from the pizzeria is a “giant carbohydrate with salt and processed cheese,” says Dr. Haythe. You don’t need to surrender your most loved dinner of the week, simply order a more beneficial version with mushrooms, peppers, extra sauce, hold the pepperoni. Another alternative is to make a healthier kind at home. “Use whole wheat crust, olive oil, and fresh goat cheese,” says Dr. Haythe.

    Table Salt

    It appears our taste buds aren’t fulfilled unless we shake salt on our food or discover it in a pack of salty chips, however salt can cause issues with blood pressure. If your pulse is too high, your arteries can become solid and contracted, bringing about a greater possibility of heart disease. Dr. Koshy doesn’t add salt to any food or when she cooks.

    She doesn’t have a salt shaker on the table. “It doesn’t make a difference what sort of salt it is—Himalayan sea salt or pink salt—if it has salt in its name, it is no good.” If you’re battling with high blood pressure, restrict your salt intake and give your salt-wanting taste buds to spices like cumin, curry, garlic, rosemary, cinnamon, and so on.

    The outcomes could be significant in lowering high blood pressure. “Normally, if individuals with high pulse remove salt from their diet, their blood pressure will drop enough that they needn’t bother with medication,” says Koshy.

  • Advice for Teenagers

    HIV Prevention: Advice for Teenagers

    Advice for TeenagersAvoid any kind of sexual intercourse is undoubtedly one of the most effective means for avoiding sexually transmitted diseases (also known as STDs) which also includes HIV/AIDS.

    If you wish to be sexually active, the below measures can reduce your odds of developing an HIV infection.

    Say NO to drugs and alcohol

    The use of the alcohol and drugs can force you to make sexual decisions you would not make clearheaded.

    Avoid sexual activities which involve anal, oral or vaginal sex.

    Have sexual relationship with no more than 1 uninfected individual.

    Wear a latex condom each time you engage in any sort of sexual intercourse.

    Understand all the possible risks associated with HIV and other STD’s.

    Most youngsters with HIV infection are found to be sexually active. As the number of teenagers who’re aware of these risk is increasing, fewer are engaging in sex while those who’re sexually active are wearing condoms each time they involve in such an activity.

    The 2nd biggest cause of an HIV infection is usage of intravenous drugs, however any activity in which there is a possibility of blood exchange can be risky. Teenagers shouldn’t share needles of any type, which also includes tattooing, body piercing or steroid drug injection.

    Next, stay always informed when it comes to HIV. Whilst many people with the infection are found to live much longer today because of all the new drugs and medical research, still there isn’t a definite cure to this particular disease.

    Learn how to Identify the early signs of the disease

    How could you identify if you or somebody else might already be infected? In case you haven’t shared the needle or had unprotected sexual intercourse, it’s very improbable you’ve HIV.

    The lone way to identify the disease is by undergoing an HIV test.

    Symptoms: HIV

    Loss of weight
    Frequent sweats and fears
    Little to no energy
    Swollen lymphatic glands in groin, neck, or armpits
    Skin rashes that stay unhealed
    Major herpes infections which result in sores on genitals, anus or mouth
    Short term loss of memory

    Nobody must assume that they’re infected with HIV if they’ve the above symptoms. They could be associated with other illnesses as well. Again, HIV test is the only means to find out whether you’re infected or not.

    Read about fitnessbetter lifestylessee more here

  • HIV Support

    HIV –Human immunodeficiency virus has become a major topic over the years in the health sector and beyond.

    HIV is a virus that attacks our immune system. The immune system helps our body fight against diseases. If your immune system is not strong, your body will have difficulties fighting diseases.

    HIV Exercises, Diet Treatment and Lifestyle choices

    HIV infects and destroys the white blood cells called CD4+ cells and if too many of this cells are destroyed, your body would be susceptible to every kind of infection.

    The last stage of this virus is AIDS- Acquired Immunodeficiency Virus. People living with AIDS have low numbers of CD4+ cells and they get infections that rarely occur in healthy people.

    However, that you are living with HIV doesn’t mean you also have AIDS. It usually takes HIV 10 to 12 years to progress to AIDS even when not treated.

    When HIV is diagnosed, medicines can be taken to stop or reduce the damage that has been done to the immune system. In the situation whereby AIDS has been developed. Medicines will be taken to return the immune system to a healthier state.

    With these treatments, people living with HIV can live a healthy life just like others.

    However, living a healthy life if you have this virus goes beyond taking your medications regularly, exercises, diet and lifestyle also play a vital role in keeping you healthy and fit.

    Eating plan for people living with HIV

    There is really no specific kind of diet plan for people who are living with this virus, all you need is to eat healthy foods. The virus weakens the immune system and you need nutritious foods to fuel your immune system.

    Eating nutritious foods would help your body defend itself against diseases, boost your energy and keep you feeling strong.

    Just follow these simple diet tips;

    • Eat fruits and vegetables

    These kinds of foods are high in nutrients that are good for the body. They supply the body essential vitamins and minerals. They are high in antioxidants which protects your body from different kinds of diseases.

    At each meal, fill half your plate with fruits and veggies, and use varieties, this will supply you with all the nutrients you need.

    • Eat lean protein

    Your body needs protein to build lean muscle and a strong immune system. You will need to eat more protein if you are underweight or if you are in an advanced stage of HIV.

    Your physician will tell you the right amount you need.

    Go for low-fat options like, egg, lean beef, nuts, poultry and beans.

    • Eat healthy fats moderately

    Healthy fats provide energy but they are also high in calories, so if you are not trying to add weight, you should eat this moderately.

    Heart healthy fats include avocados, nuts and vegetable oils.

    • Eat whole grains

    Carbs fuel your body with energy. Eat whole grain carbs like brown rice and whole wheat bread, they are loaded with energy boosting B vitamins and fiber.

    Consuming plenty of fiber can prevent you from getting fat deposits known as lipodystrophy, a side effect of HIV.

    • Limit sugar and salt intake

    HIV increases your risk of getting heart diseases. This may be caused by the virus or the medications you are taking.

    Too much sugar and sodium can increase the risk of heart disease. So aim to consume less of these.

    • Get the right amount of calories

    If you have unwanted weight loss, your health care provider would recommend supplements for you. Ensure you take the right amount of calorie your body needs.

    • Drink plenty of fluids

    A lot of people don’t take enough fluids. Liquids helps transport nutrients throughout your body and helps flush out used medications from your body.

    Fluids prevent you from getting dehydrated and help lift your energy. Drink lots of water or healthy liquids throughout the day.

    Exercise for people living with HIV

    Being physically active is essential for everyone for good and sound health. Exercise cannot fight or treat HIV but it can help prevent side effects of the virus and its medication from occurring.

    Exercise also helps you live a healthier life as you grow older with HIV.

    Exercising offers people living with HIV many benefits such as;

    • Improve muscle mass, strength and endurance
    • Decrease stress
    • Enhance your sense of well being
    • Improve appetite
    • Reduce fat in the abdomen
    • Enhances sleep
    • Increase bone strength
    • Improve heart and lung endurance
    • Increases energy level
    • Increase good cholesterol (HDL)
    • Reduces bad cholesterol (LDL) and triglycerides

    A combination of aerobic and resistance exercises, three times a weekly for at least six weeks, is recommended to improve cardiovascular, metabolic and muscle function in people living with HIV older than 50 years of age.

    • Aerobic exercises

    Aerobic exercises strengthens the lungs and the heart. Forms of aerobic exercises include jogging, running, hiking, walking swimming and cycling.

    This exercises increases the rate and depth of your breathing, and this in turn increases the amount of blood and oxygen your heart pumps to your muscles.

    To achieve the maximum benefit of aerobic exercises, your heart rate as to reach the target rate for at least 20 minutes. It may take you weeks to reach this level if you haven’t really being exercising before.

    • Resistant training

    This kind of exercise is very good for HIV patients because it helps offset muscle loss which is caused by the virus.

    Resistance training involves exertion of force by moving (pushing or pulling) objects that has weight. The objects can be barbells, machines in gyms or dumbbells.

    You can also make use of safe, common household objects such as plastic containers filled with water or sand, or you can make use of your own body weight in exercises such as push-ups or pull-ups. The purpose of this exercise is to build muscle mass.

    Make sure you use the right amount of weight for the exercise you are performing. It is important that you do not feel pain during the exercise.

    When you are starting a resistance training program, you will probably feel a little sore for a day or two, but you shouldn’t feel too sore to limit your regular activities. If you find out that you do feel very sore, it means you have used too much weight or you have done too many repetitions.

    Make sure you rest a day more and start again using less weight.

    Exercise program

    When starting an exercise program, begin slowly and build. Start your exercise session with a warm up.

    Your warm up can be as short as just a few stretches, if you are going to work out later in the day when your muscles and joints are already loose. It can also be a short 10-minute stretch session if your work out is first thing in the morning, when your muscles and joints are still tight.

    The purpose of your warm up is not to make you weak but invigorate you and decrease the risk of joint or muscle injury.

    A balanced exercise program is best for you. You can start with an aerobic exercise as a good warmup to a resistance training session.

    Also don’t forget that learning the correct form in a weight training program will reduce the chance of you getting an injury. Go at your own pace. You are not in completion with anybody. Listen to your body. If your work out hurts, stop it.

    Risks of exercise

    • You can become dehydrated if you do not drink enough fluids
    • You can develop injuries which may take time to heal
    • You may lose body mass if you overdo your exercise
    • The wrong form exercise will cause you to be injured


    When starting an exercise program, you should have these important things in mind;

    • Drink water

    Drink water before you start your exercise, during your exercise and after your exercise. If you are feeling thirsty, you have already lost important fluids and electrolytes and you may be dehydrated.

    • Eat nutritious food

    In order to build your muscle stronger, exercise tears it down. You need nutritious foods to supply the raw materials needed to build your muscles.

    • Get enough sleep

    Get enough sleep, your body needs it.

    Lifestyle changes

    Asides exercising, taking your treatments and eating nutritious foods, there are also some lifestyle changes you need to make so as to live a healthy life.

    These changes include;

    • Quit smoking

    People living with HIV, who smoke have more HIV symptoms like coughing and dizziness.

    • Stop illicit drug use

    If you use illegal drugs such as cocaine, stop it or seek attention for your addiction. Sharing needles for the use of such drugs will make you vulnerable to other infections like hepatitis.

    • Practice safer sex

    That you have HIV doesn’t mean the end of your sex life as come. You should always use a new condom whenever you want to have sex. This is to prevent your partner from being infected with the virus.


    When you find out you are living with HIV, you will be troubled, angry, depressed, but you should know that having this does not mean you are going to die.

    Taking your treatments regularly, making the necessary lifestyle changes, exercising and eating nutritious foods is the key to a healthy life.

  • 7 partner exercises to kickstart New Year

    7 partner exercises to kickstart your New Year

    The holidays are all about relaxing, spending time with loved ones and allowing yourself to indulge. For this reason, it’s no wonder the majority of us start the new year a little bit more well-rounded than we might like!

    Partner ExercisesThere’s a reason that gym membership signups spike in the new year and that’s the new year’s resolution to ‘get fit’ or ‘workout more’.

    What might surprise you is that 80% of those new gym members will have quit within 6 months, with many not making it past February.

    Finding the time to go to the gym can be difficult and finding the motivation can be ever harder. If you’re struggling to get yourself up and out to the gym, these 7partner exercises could be just what you need to help you stick to your new year’s resolution and put you on the fast-track to looking and feeling great!

    Why you should be working out with a partner

    One of the main reasons people stop going to the gym is a lack of motivation and whilst, yes, your motivation does need to come from you, it certainly doesn’t hurt to have someone else around to help encourage you. (See the 6 protein myths messing with your diet for better results)

    Having a workout partner creates accountability. It’s easy to skip a workout session if you’re the only one who knew about it, but if you’re partner is expecting to meet you for a workout at 6pm, you’re much more likely to follow through with it.

    Another benefit of working out with a partner is that it creates variation. Getting stuck in a rut with your exercise can result in not only a decline in commitment, but also a decline in performance.

    By adding in an additional person to your workout routine, you can mix-up your workouts and remove any boredom that might’ve been creeping in.

    Furthermore, having a partner around actually makes your workout a lot safer. Your partner will be able to spot you and keep an eye on your form meaning that, not only will the quality of your workout be better, but you’re also able to push yourself as you know someone will be there to give you a helping hand should you need it.

    7exercises for you to try with your workout partner

    Rotational twist–Start back-to-back with your partner with feet shoulder width apart and Partner A holding a medicine ball close to their chest.

    Partner A should twist the torso to their left as partner B twists to the right and the medicine ball should be passed to Partner B. Partner B should then rotate the torso to their left side, keeping the medicine ball at chest level, and pass the medicine ball back over to Partner A. Repeat this movement 8-12 times before performing again in the opposite direction.

    To make this more challenging, perform the exercise whilst holding the squat position.

    Plank High-5 – Start by facing your partner in the high-plank/push-up position. At the same time, both bring out your right hand to high-5 in the space between you and then return to the high-plank position and do the same for the opposite hand. Repeat this 15 times per hand. Make sure to keep your core tight and hips as still as possible throughout the movement – widen your feet to add more stability.

    For a more advanced exercise, add in a press-up between high-5’s.

    Wheelbarrow Push-Up with Squat – To complete this exercise, start with Partner A in the push-up position. Partner B should hold Partner A’s ankles at hip height in the standard wheelbarrow position. At the same time, Partner A should perform a press-up whilst partner B performs a squat. Make sure the movement is controlled and synchronized to prevent Partner A from dropping their hips during the push-up. Partner B can hold the lowered squat position for more of a challenge.

    Sit-Up Medicine Ball Pass– Sit on the floor opposite your partner with your knees bent. Partner A should start with the medicine ball held close to they slowly lie back, taking the medicine ball and extending it over their head to touch the ground behind them.

    Bring the medicine ball back to the original position, tucked against the chest, and sit-up, passing the medicine ball to Partner B who will perform the same movement. To make this easier, dorsiflex the feet to hook under your partner’s ankles. Repeat this so the ball has been passed between partners 30 times.

    Reaction Lunges– Start with Partner A standing a foot in-front of Partner B, both facing the same direction. Partner B should gently push Partner A, forcing them to take a step forward and catch themselves in a lunge position. Alternate the leg that is stepping forward to complete 12-15 lunges per leg.

    Leg Throw Down – Partner A should like down on their back and Partner B should stand with their feet either side of Partner A’s head facing in the direction of Partner A’s feet. Partner A should hold on to Partner B’s ankles and perform a leg raise, ensuring their back stays pressed into the ground.

    Partner B should then push Partner A’s legs away from them back down towards the ground, so that partner A has to use their core to keep their heels from touching the ground. Repeat this 15-20 times and then switch. Make sure to engage your abdominals to lift the legs rather than pulling on your partners ankles.

    Partner Pistol Squat– This is one of the more advanced exercises, and it might take you a little while to master, but it is definitely worth it! For this exercise, begin by standing facing your partner. First, you are going to clasp your right forearms in the space between your bodies.

    Next, both partners should shift their weight onto their left leg, lifting the right foot off the ground, extending the right leg out in-front slightly.

    At the same time, both partners should slowly bring the hips back and lower by bending the left knee, keeping the back straight and hips square. Lower as far as you can, with the aim to have your left hamstring against your left calf, with your right leg extended in front of you, parallel to the ground. Clasping your partners arm will act as a counterweight, assisting you both in raising back up to the starting position.

    Author Bio
    Megan Warwick


    Personal Trainer
    After graduating from Psychology with first-class honors, Megan gained her personal trainer qualifications with Origym and now works for them as a personal trainer specializing in the development of weight loss and rehabilitation programs. Megan is an avid runner and is set to complete her first London marathon in 2017.

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  • Cardiovascular Disease: Management & Treatment

    Cardiovascular Disease: Management and treatment options

    Coronary Exercises and diet solutionThe heart is like any other muscle in your body. It requires an adequate blood supply to provide oxygen to allow the muscle to contract and pump.

    The heart does not pump blood to the rest of the body alone. It also pumps blood to itself via the coronary arteries. These arteries originate from the base of the aorta,the major blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood from the heart) and then branch out along the surface of the heart.

    When one or more coronary arteries narrow, it may become very difficult for adequate blood to reach the heart, especially during exercise.

    This can cause the heart muscle to ache like any other muscle in the body. If the arteries continue to narrow, it may take less activity to stress the heart and provoke symptoms. The classic symptoms of chest pain or pressure and shortness of breathe due to cardiovascular or coronary artery disease are called angina.

    If any of the coronary arteries blocks completely—usually due to a plaque that ruptures and causes a blood clot to form, blood supply may be lost.

    This leads to the death of a piece of heart muscle. This refers to as heart attack or myocardial infarction.

    How Can Cardiovascular Disease Be Treated?

    Although cardiovascular heart disease (CVD) has no known cure, treatment can help manage the symptoms and reduce the risk of further problems for you.

    You can manage this condition with certain lifestyle changes, medicine, and some cases surgery. With the right treatment, the symptoms of cardiovascular disease can be reduced and the functioning of the heart improved.

    Cardiovascular treatment options include:

    Lifestyle Changes

    If you have been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease, a very easy way to prevent further episodes is to make some lifestyle changes. These lifestyle changes are;

    • Eat a Healthy Diet

    Eating a healthy balanced diet is very important for your general well being, so you shouldn’t be surprised if your doctor tells you diet plays a big role in improving your cardiovascular health.

    A low-fat, high-fibre diet is recommended. This diet should include plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables (five portions a day) and whole grains.

    You should limit your daily intake of salt to no more than 6g (0.2oz) a day, as too much salt will increase your blood pressure. 6g of salt is about one teaspoonful. There are two types of fat: saturated and unsaturated.

    You should avoid food containing saturated fats, because these foods will increase the levels of bad cholesterol in your blood.

    Foods that are loaded with saturated fats include;

    • Butter
    • Cream
    • Hard cheese
    • Cakes and biscuits
    • Foods that contain coconut oil or palm oil
    • Ghee
    • Meat pies

    Your diet should still include unsaturated fats, which have been shown to increase levels of good cholesterol and help reduce any blockage in your arteries.

    Foods that contain unsaturated fats include;

    • Nuts and seeds
    • Avocados
    • Sunflowers
    • Olive oils
    • Oily fish
    • Rapeseed

    Also avoid adding sugar to your diet. Sugar can increase the risk of diabetes, which may increase your chances of getting cardiovascular disease.

    • Maintain a healthy weight

    Being overweight increases your chance of getting cardiovascular disease. Check your BMI. Your GP or practice nurse can tell you what your ideal weight is in relation to your height and build.

    • Be Physically Active

    The best way to maintaining a healthy weight is combining a healthy diet with regular exercise. Having a healthy weight greatly reduces your chances of developing high blood pressure.

    Regular exercise will help you make your heart and blood circulatory system more efficient, lower your cholesterol level, and also keep your blood pressure at a healthy level.

    Aerobic exercises like running, swimming, cycling, brisk walking, rowing should be done if you have cardiovascular disease. They help improve the cardiovascular system.

    • Quit Smoking

    If you have being smoking, giving it up will reduce your risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

    Smoking is a major risk factor for developing atherosclerosis (furring of the arteries). It also causes the majority of cases of coronary thrombosis in people under the age of 50.

    • Limit or Avoid Alcohol

    Avoiding alcohol will benefit your cardiovascular health. If you drink alcohol, do not exceed the maximum recommended limit.

    Men and women are advised not to regularly drink more than 14 units a week. Spread your drinking over three days or more if you drink as much as 14 units a week.

    • Keep Your Blood Pressure Under Control

    Eating a healthy diet low in saturated fat and exercising regularly will help keep your blood pressure under control. If required taking the appropriate medication to lower your blood pressure.

    Your target blood pressure should be below 140/85mmHg. If you have high blood pressure, ask your GP to check your blood pressure regularly.

    • Keep Your Diabetes Under Control

    If you are diabetic, you are at a greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease. If you have diabetes, being physically active and controlling your weight and blood pressure will help manage your blood sugar level.

    Your target blood pressure level should be below 130/80mmHg.

    • Take Your Medications

    If you have cardiovascular disease, your doctor may prescribe medication to help relieve your symptoms and stop further problems developing.

    If you do not have cardiovascular disease but do have high cholesterol, high blood pressure or a history of family heart disease, your doctor may prescribe medication to prevent you developing heart-related problems.

    If you are prescribed medication, it is essential that you take your medication and follow the recommended dosage. Do not stop taking your medication without consulting your doctor first, as doing so is likely to make your symptoms worse and put your health at risk.


    A number of different medicines are used to treat CHD. Usually these medications either aim to reduce blood pressure or widen your arteries.

    Some heart medicines have side effects, so it may take a while to find one that works for you. Your GP or specialist will discuss the various options with you.

    You shouldn’t stop your heart medicines suddenly without the advice of your doctor as there is a risk this may make your symptoms worse.

    Medication treatment options include:

    • Antiplatelets

    These are a type of medicine that can help reduce the risk of a heart attack by thinning your blood and preventing it clotting.

    Common antiplatelet medicines include low-dose aspirinclopidogrel, ticagrelor and prasugrel.

    • Statins

    If you have a high cholesterol level, a cholesterol-lowering medicine called statins may be prescribed for you.

    Examples include atorvastatin, simvastatin, rosuvastatin and pravastatin.

    Statins work by blocking the formation of cholesterol and increasing the number of LDL receptors in the liver, which helps remove the LDL cholesterol from your blood.

    This helps slow the progression of cardiovascular disease, and will make having a heart attack less likely to occur.

    Not all statins are suitable for everyone, so you may need to try several different types until you find one that is suitable for you.

    • ·         Beta-blockers

    Beta-blockers, including atenolol, bisoprolol, metoprolol and nebivolol  are often used to prevent angina and treat high blood pressure. These medications work by blocking the effects of a particular hormone in the body, which slows down your heartbeat and improves blood flow.

    • ·         Nitrates

    Nitrates are used for widening of your blood vessels. Doctors sometimes refer to nitrates as vasodilators.

    Nitrates are available in a variety of forms which includes tablets, sprays and skin patches such as glyceryltrinitrate and isosorbidemononitrate.

    Nitrates work by relaxing your blood vessels, letting more blood pass through them. This lowers your blood pressure and relieves any heart pain you have. Some mild side effects, including headaches, dizziness and flushed skin have been associated with Nitrates.

    • ·         ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors

    ACE inhibitors are commonly used to treat high blood pressure. Examples include ramipril and lisinopril.

    These medicines block the activity of a hormone called angiotensin II, which causes the blood vessels to narrow. As well as stopping the heart working so hard, ACE inhibitors improve the flow of blood around the body.

    Your blood pressure will be monitored while you are taking ACE inhibitors, and regular blood tests will be needed to check that your kidneys are working properly. Around 1 in 10 people have kidney problems as a result of taking the drug.

    Dry cough and dizziness are side effects that are associated with these medications.

    • ·         Angiotensin II receptor antagonists

    Angiotensin II receptor antagonists and ACE inhibitors work in a similar way. They are used to lower your blood pressure by blocking angiotensin II.

    Mild dizziness is usually the only side effect associated with this medication. They are often prescribed as an alternative to ACE inhibitors, as they do not cause a dry cough.

    • ·         Calcium channel blockers

    These medications also work to decrease blood pressure by relaxing the muscles that make up the walls of your arteries. This causes the arteries to become wider, reducing your blood pressure. Examples include amlodipine, verapamil and diltiazem.

    Side effects associated with calcium channel blockers include headaches and facial flushing, but these are mild and usually decrease over time.

    • ·         Diuretics

    Also known as water pills, diuretics work by flushing excess water and salt from the body through urine.

    Procedures and Sugery

    If diet, lifestyle changes and medications aren’t enough, it’s possible that your doctor will recommend specific procedures or surgery.

    The type of procedure recommended will depend on the type of cardiovascular disease and the extent of the damage to the affected areas.

    Natural Treatments For Cardiovascular Disease

    Some nutritional supplements and herbs have been proven to be effective in treating cardiovascular disease.

    Some of these natural treatments may interfere with your prescription drug or may not be suitable for some cases. So, make sure you seek the advice of your doctor before you take these herbs and remedies.

    Effective home remedies for cardiovascular disease are:

    • Turmeric

    Turmeric is popularly known to be effective in maintaining heart health. It has an active ingredient called curcumin which aids in the maintenance of heart health by reducing cholesterol oxidation, plaque buildup and clot formation.

    Turmeric also helps lower LDL and provides anti-inflammatory benefits. Being a potent antioxidant, it helps neutralize free radicals that contribute to aging and several chronic diseases.

    Use turmeric regularly in your cooking. You can also boil one teaspoon of turmeric powder in one cup of water or milk. Drink it once or twice daily for several weeks to a few months.

    Alternatively, you can take turmeric in supplement form. The general dosage is 400 to 600 mg of standardized curcumin powder supplement three times daily.

    Ensure you consult your doctor for the proper dosage suitable for your case.

    • Garlic

    Garlic is commonly known to be a remedy for many ailments. It has been proven to be beneficial for conditions like high blood pressure, high cholesterol and coronary heart disease.

    This powerful herb helps slow the development of atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries.

    Garlic also improves circulation and has antithrombotic and antiplatelet aggregatory effects.

    Eat one or two freshly crushed garlic cloves daily. If you find the taste of garlic too strong, drink a glass of milk after eating it.

    Alternatively, you can take garlic supplements. The general recommendation of the supplement is 600 to 1,200 mg of garlic extract divided into three equal doses per day.

    Caution: Garlic may interfere with certain medications due to its blood-thinning properties. Consult your doctor before taking this herb.

    • Fenugreek

    Fenugreek is widely known for its ability to supply the body with antioxidant and cardio-protective benefits.

    This powerful herb is excellent for reducing the risk of atherosclerosis due to its strong modulating effect on blood lipid levels.

    Fenugreek also has the ability to reduce platelet aggregation, thus decreasing the risk of abnormal blood clotting associated with heart attacks and strokes. It also helps lower cholesterol, blood sugar and excess fat.

    Soak one teaspoon of fenugreek seeds in water overnight. The next morning, eat the soaked seeds on an empty stomach. Do this everyday for a few months.

    • Green Tea

    Green tea is widely known to be loaded with powerful antioxidants that improve the health of cells that form the innermost lining of the heart and blood vessels. It helps reduce cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
    Green tea also helps control blood sugar and boosts metabolism.

    Drink three to four cups of green tea (preferably caffeine-free) daily. Alternatively, you can take 100 to750 mg standardized green tea extract per day.


    If you are living with heart disease, the most important thing to have in mind is that the future is not blank.

    Listening to the advice of your doctor, making positive lifestyle changes, and knowing where to look for the support you need, can help you maintain a full and productive lifestyle. Learn more here