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Disease Management

  • Rare Disease & Disorder – 4 Ways to Support Them

    safe exercisesClose to about ten percent (10%) of the U.S. residents’ lives with a rare disease or disorder, which is around 30 million individuals nationwide. If you expand the range, 350 million of the more than 7 billion folks in the world are gauged to live with a rare condition.

    With such an extensive pool of individuals affected, odds are you likely know somebody with a medical diagnosis considered strange.

    For those living with rare conditions, exploring a diagnosis can be tricky because of lack of research and dependable treatment. Frequently, rare diseases stump even the most knowledgeable specialists, with specialists on rare diseases few and far between — if they exist by any stretch of the imagination. Amidst this regularly overpowering reality, the need for promotion and support is fundamental.

    Feb. 29 is Rare Disease Day, an opportunity to convey awareness to the more than 7,000 rare diseases and disorders worldwide. It’s likewise a suggestion to take action. There’s a great deal to tackle inside the rare disease community, from the need for more medical research to the day-to-day impediments confronting those impacted.

    Needless to state, attentive advocates are constantly needed — on Rare Disease Day and beyond.

    To genuinely support those living with rare diseases and disorders, consider these 4 tips from people inside the community.

    Step by step instructions to support somebody near you

    1. Trust those with rare diseases and disorders to know their needs.

    Our health care framework concentrates to a great extent on obliging patients with the most common diseases and disorders — yet that leaves those living with rare conditions a relative mystery. Regularly, being a rare disease patient means you can’t depend on specialists to know your needs because of knowledge gaps. Along these lines, frequently, patients turn into the specialists of their own care.

    “Patients who have the disease are generally the ones who have done the most research,” Ilana Jacqueline, managing editor of RARE Daily at support association Global Genes, tells Mashable. She additionally has primary immune deficiency disease and dysautonomia.

    We frequently depend on medical experts to give all of us the answers with regards to a diagnosis. On account of rare diseases, things move to end up plainly more supportive. To be an active supporter, believe a rare disease patient to know the condition best. Frequently, they do.

    2. Simply listen — it’s more radical than you might suspect.

    Having the name of “rare” means you are an anomaly — and, tragically, peculiarities are regularly overlooked. In a medical community that can frequently appear to be unaware of your needs, having supporters who actively listen can have a significant effect.

    “Numerous patients and families are extremely isolated,” Lara Chappell, correspondences executive of European rare disease advocacy organization Eurordis, tells Mashable. “It can be exceptionally trying to have a disease or disorder that individuals don’t know much about. Breaking detachment is essential.

    Set aside the opportunity to practice active listening when you’re chatting with somebody who has a rare disease or disorder. Give them a chance to direct the conversation — and shun moving the concentration to you or others.

    Julie Flygare, a narcolepsy advocate and founder of Project Sleep, says this sort of listening has had a significant effect in her experience with narcolepsy.

    “Frequently what I need most is essentially to feel listened,” she tells Mashable. “Having the capacity to vent to a companion makes me feel like I matter — and that I’m not invisible.”

    3. Do your own research.

    Somebody who has a rare disease or disorder is always instructing others on their condition. Regardless of whether it’s strangers in the city or people in white protective outer layers with PhDs, it can get tiring, repetitive and disappointing. As an advocate, it’s your part to help make things somewhat simpler — and that implies helping to lighten this weight.

    “It’s truly vital to require investment to teach yourself,” Mary Dunkle, VP of instructive activities at the National Organization for Rare Disorders says. “In the event that somebody near you gets a diagnosis, the best thing you can do is learn as much as you can.”

    Be that as it may, when examining up on rare conditions, data can frequently be rare or clashing. At the point when this happens, have a conversation to get clearness — yet don’t mistake that conversation for a schoolroom lesson. Make sure to bring research, mindfulness and sensitive interest to the table when requesting illumination. Not exclusively will it help advise your perspective, however it will likewise help the individual you are needing to support see the exertion you are putting in — and that can regularly be consoling in itself.

    “When you discover something intriguing in your research, make inquiries like, ‘Is this like how you experience your symptoms?'” Flygare says. “It’s an incredible approach to open a fascinating exchange.”

    4. Offer to help with specific assignments — however let them describe what will really help.

    Requesting help can be unnerving. It’s one of a definitive recounts helplessness, which is a trademark we’re instructed to maintain a strategic distance from. In any case, for those with rare diseases and disorders, help is regularly important with regards to exploring their condition.

    “As a sort An overachiever, it’s hard for me to request help,”

    Flygare says. “On the off chance that somebody offers something specific, I feel like they truly do care and I am more prone to open up and say how they truly could help me.”

    Utilize your research and your active listening to see what the individual struggles with — then inquire as to whether they could utilize help. On the off chance that they say no to the help you are recommending, at that point it’s a no. Be that as it may, notwithstanding voicing the offer is an approach to tell them they can approach you for specific help when needed.

  • Managing Asthma illnesses and Disability

    safe exercisesCongenital disorders are illnesses and disabilities that occur at childbirth (or some time recently). If you have a congenital disorders, you have never experienced life without it.

    Acquired disorders are illnesses and disabilities that happens after you’re conceived. If you just discovered a health condition, you may all of a sudden have a great deal to deal with.

    Being conceived with an illness or disability

    Deborah Cox.  Has had genuine health issues since she was six months old. She has cystic fibrosis, which can make it hard for her to breathe, and different conditions. Sometimes, she needs to stay through two weeks in the clinic at a time. In any case, she has loads of good times, as well.

    She adores moving and singing and assisting different kids. “I simply concentrate on the bright side of things,” she says. “I don’t think back. Life’s too short for laments.”

    Meghan endeavors to take great care of herself. “If I don’t do my medicinal treatments, I could pass on — soon,” she says. “So I stay aware of my medicinal treatments each and every day. Since I will likely live until I’m 100.” Meghan trusts that some time or another she’ll become a doctor or medical attendant.

    Other people have helped her life so much that, she says, “I simply need to have any kind of effect in another person’s as well.” Children’s Hospital at Dartmouth, the healing facility where Meghan gets treatments, made a video about her. Snap here to hear a greater amount of her story.

    If you have an congenital condition, as Meghan, you most likely definitely know a considerable measure about your specific illness or disability. What’s more, you likely additionally realize that there’s a ton you can do to ensure your health and assemble a decent life for yourself.

    Asthma

    Asthma is a lung condition that causes a man’s airwaves (otherwise called breathing tubes) to become sensitive. Asthma can make it hard for you to breathe, make your chest hurt, and make you cough. If you have asthma, you actually may feel fine sometimes, however that doesn’t mean the asthma has gone away.

    That is the reason it’s smart to get — and stay with — an asthma treatment design from your doctor.

    Having asthma can be unnerving, and you may feel irritated that you need to manage it. Be that as it may, asthma doesn’t need to prevent you from doing what you need. With practice, you can get better than average at dealing with yourself.

    Olympic gold medalist Jackie Joyner-Kersee was Sports Illustrated’s pick for the Greatest Female Athlete of the twentieth century, and she has asthma. Need to see another person who is sufficiently strong and sufficiently smart to deal with asthma? All things considered, simply look in the mirror!

    What happens in the doctor’s office?

    If you think you may have asthma — or if you think your asthma is deteriorating — you should see your doctor. Asthma for the most part can be controlled truly well. Not treating it, however, can be exceptionally dangerous. Take a fast quiz  to check whether asthma might be causing you issues.

    Understanding Asthma Flare-ups

    If you have asthma, you may feel fine a considerable measure of the time. However, at that point something may come along to aggravate those sensitive lungs of yours — perhaps tobacco smoke or a cold. This “trigger” sets off an asthma flare-up, otherwise called an assault or scene.

    That implies the dividers of your air routes get smaller than common and may begin making additional bodily fluid. Also, the muscles close-by may begin to crush. No big surprise it gets hard to breathe!

    If you’re having a flare-up you may:

    • Wheeze, which implies you make a shrieking or squeaky sound when you breathe
    • Feel breathless
    • Have a tight feeling in your chest
    • Cough
    • Wake up additional around evening time

    Flare-ups can differ in how genuine they are and to what extent they last. Flare-ups make them thing in like manner, however: It’s truly vital to treat them when you feel them going ahead.

    Forestalling Flare-ups

    The most ideal approach to deal with flare-ups is to attempt to forestall them in any case. Here are a few hints for doing that:

    • Maintain a strategic distance from things that can bother your airwave. This can include hairspray, scent, and family unit cleaners. It unquestionably can include tobacco smoke, so if you smoke, attempt to stop, and don’t give anybody a chance to smoke close you.
    • Wash your hands regularly to stay away from colds and flu. Get a flu shot, and inquire as to whether you require a shot for pneumonia as well.
    • Attempt to have less things around that cause sensitivities. Pets, nature, tidy, and different allergens can begin a flare-up, so ensure your home is spotless. Look at a few thoughts for managing family unit triggers.
    • Stay inside on high-contamination days. Poor air quality can cause issues, particularly if you’re being active.
    • Talk with your doctor about exercise. For a few people, activities that make them breathe hard can begin a flare-up. That doesn’t mean you should hang up your running shoes, however. In fact, exercise may strengthen your lungs. Talk about which activities are right for you.
    • Keep cold air out. Cold air can aggravate your lungs, so take a stab at wrapping a scarf around your nose.

    Realize what your own triggers are. Keep a journal where you record whenever you have a side effect, how awful it was, and what you were doing when you got it. It’s additionally a smart thought to impart this data to your doctor amid customary arrangements. That way, you can talk about whether anything in your treatment design needs to change.

    Managing flare-ups

    It’s a smart thought to know how to manage a flare-up while it’s as yet mild. One approach to do that is take in your initial warning signs. Everyone is different. Possibly your chest begins to hurt or your throat tingles.

    Another great approach to check how your lungs are getting along is to utilize a pinnacle flow meter. You blow into the meter to perceive how much air your lungs can push out. Your asthma action design should guide you in light of the number you get.

    To remain safe, it’s critical to have an arrangement for how to manage a flare-up. Ensure your doctor guides you — and ensure you do it, regardless of where you are.

    Medications

    Most kids with asthma find that prescription truly makes a difference.

    You may need to take a protect medication, which works quick, to help amid a flare-up. That might be all you require. Remember, however, that if you utilize your protect medication to an ever increasing extent, you should converse with your doctor about whether your treatment design should change.

    A few people additionally take a controller medication consistently. These medications can help dodge flare-ups from happening in any case. They don’t help if you’re amidst an assault, however.

    You may likewise need to take allergy medication or shots if surprisingly hypersensitivities are setting off your asthma.

    Your doctor may recommend that you take some additional drug when will confront one of your triggers, such as practicing outside or being around pets. What’s more, try to have your save medication with all of you the time.

    Loads of asthma medications are taken through an inhaler. It’s fundamentally a little plastic holder that you put in your mouth and breathe the prescription through. You likewise may require a tube called a spacer that helps ensure the medication gets where it needs to go.

    Asthma and Your Feelings

    Everyone has up and down temperaments. In any case, if you find that you stress or feel dismal a great deal as a result of your asthma, you can get offer assistance. Converse with friends, guardians, and minding grown-ups. You additionally could join a support group for kids with asthma or get assistance from your school counselor

  • Advice for Teenagers

    HIV Prevention: Advice for Teenagers

    Advice for TeenagersAvoid any kind of sexual intercourse is undoubtedly one of the most effective means for avoiding sexually transmitted diseases (also known as STDs) which also includes HIV/AIDS.

    If you wish to be sexually active, the below measures can reduce your odds of developing an HIV infection.

    Say NO to drugs and alcohol

    The use of the alcohol and drugs can force you to make sexual decisions you would not make clearheaded.

    Avoid sexual activities which involve anal, oral or vaginal sex.

    Have sexual relationship with no more than 1 uninfected individual.

    Wear a latex condom each time you engage in any sort of sexual intercourse.

    Understand all the possible risks associated with HIV and other STD’s.

    Most youngsters with HIV infection are found to be sexually active. As the number of teenagers who’re aware of these risk is increasing, fewer are engaging in sex while those who’re sexually active are wearing condoms each time they involve in such an activity.

    The 2nd biggest cause of an HIV infection is usage of intravenous drugs, however any activity in which there is a possibility of blood exchange can be risky. Teenagers shouldn’t share needles of any type, which also includes tattooing, body piercing or steroid drug injection.

    Next, stay always informed when it comes to HIV. Whilst many people with the infection are found to live much longer today because of all the new drugs and medical research, still there isn’t a definite cure to this particular disease.

    Learn how to Identify the early signs of the disease

    How could you identify if you or somebody else might already be infected? In case you haven’t shared the needle or had unprotected sexual intercourse, it’s very improbable you’ve HIV.

    The lone way to identify the disease is by undergoing an HIV test.

    Symptoms: HIV

    Loss of weight
    Frequent sweats and fears
    Little to no energy
    Swollen lymphatic glands in groin, neck, or armpits
    Skin rashes that stay unhealed
    Major herpes infections which result in sores on genitals, anus or mouth
    Short term loss of memory

    Nobody must assume that they’re infected with HIV if they’ve the above symptoms. They could be associated with other illnesses as well. Again, HIV test is the only means to find out whether you’re infected or not.

    Read about fitnessbetter lifestylessee more here

  • HIV Support

    HIV –Human immunodeficiency virus has become a major topic over the years in the health sector and beyond.

    HIV is a virus that attacks our immune system. The immune system helps our body fight against diseases. If your immune system is not strong, your body will have difficulties fighting diseases.

    HIV Exercises, Diet Treatment and Lifestyle choices

    HIV infects and destroys the white blood cells called CD4+ cells and if too many of this cells are destroyed, your body would be susceptible to every kind of infection.

    The last stage of this virus is AIDS- Acquired Immunodeficiency Virus. People living with AIDS have low numbers of CD4+ cells and they get infections that rarely occur in healthy people.

    However, that you are living with HIV doesn’t mean you also have AIDS. It usually takes HIV 10 to 12 years to progress to AIDS even when not treated.

    When HIV is diagnosed, medicines can be taken to stop or reduce the damage that has been done to the immune system. In the situation whereby AIDS has been developed. Medicines will be taken to return the immune system to a healthier state.

    With these treatments, people living with HIV can live a healthy life just like others.

    However, living a healthy life if you have this virus goes beyond taking your medications regularly, exercises, diet and lifestyle also play a vital role in keeping you healthy and fit.

    Eating plan for people living with HIV

    There is really no specific kind of diet plan for people who are living with this virus, all you need is to eat healthy foods. The virus weakens the immune system and you need nutritious foods to fuel your immune system.

    Eating nutritious foods would help your body defend itself against diseases, boost your energy and keep you feeling strong.

    Just follow these simple diet tips;

    • Eat fruits and vegetables

    These kinds of foods are high in nutrients that are good for the body. They supply the body essential vitamins and minerals. They are high in antioxidants which protects your body from different kinds of diseases.

    At each meal, fill half your plate with fruits and veggies, and use varieties, this will supply you with all the nutrients you need.

    • Eat lean protein

    Your body needs protein to build lean muscle and a strong immune system. You will need to eat more protein if you are underweight or if you are in an advanced stage of HIV.

    Your physician will tell you the right amount you need.

    Go for low-fat options like, egg, lean beef, nuts, poultry and beans.

    • Eat healthy fats moderately

    Healthy fats provide energy but they are also high in calories, so if you are not trying to add weight, you should eat this moderately.

    Heart healthy fats include avocados, nuts and vegetable oils.

    • Eat whole grains

    Carbs fuel your body with energy. Eat whole grain carbs like brown rice and whole wheat bread, they are loaded with energy boosting B vitamins and fiber.

    Consuming plenty of fiber can prevent you from getting fat deposits known as lipodystrophy, a side effect of HIV.

    • Limit sugar and salt intake

    HIV increases your risk of getting heart diseases. This may be caused by the virus or the medications you are taking.

    Too much sugar and sodium can increase the risk of heart disease. So aim to consume less of these.

    • Get the right amount of calories

    If you have unwanted weight loss, your health care provider would recommend supplements for you. Ensure you take the right amount of calorie your body needs.

    • Drink plenty of fluids

    A lot of people don’t take enough fluids. Liquids helps transport nutrients throughout your body and helps flush out used medications from your body.

    Fluids prevent you from getting dehydrated and help lift your energy. Drink lots of water or healthy liquids throughout the day.

    Exercise for people living with HIV

    Being physically active is essential for everyone for good and sound health. Exercise cannot fight or treat HIV but it can help prevent side effects of the virus and its medication from occurring.

    Exercise also helps you live a healthier life as you grow older with HIV.

    Exercising offers people living with HIV many benefits such as;

    • Improve muscle mass, strength and endurance
    • Decrease stress
    • Enhance your sense of well being
    • Improve appetite
    • Reduce fat in the abdomen
    • Enhances sleep
    • Increase bone strength
    • Improve heart and lung endurance
    • Increases energy level
    • Increase good cholesterol (HDL)
    • Reduces bad cholesterol (LDL) and triglycerides

    A combination of aerobic and resistance exercises, three times a weekly for at least six weeks, is recommended to improve cardiovascular, metabolic and muscle function in people living with HIV older than 50 years of age.

    • Aerobic exercises

    Aerobic exercises strengthens the lungs and the heart. Forms of aerobic exercises include jogging, running, hiking, walking swimming and cycling.

    This exercises increases the rate and depth of your breathing, and this in turn increases the amount of blood and oxygen your heart pumps to your muscles.

    To achieve the maximum benefit of aerobic exercises, your heart rate as to reach the target rate for at least 20 minutes. It may take you weeks to reach this level if you haven’t really being exercising before.

    • Resistant training

    This kind of exercise is very good for HIV patients because it helps offset muscle loss which is caused by the virus.

    Resistance training involves exertion of force by moving (pushing or pulling) objects that has weight. The objects can be barbells, machines in gyms or dumbbells.

    You can also make use of safe, common household objects such as plastic containers filled with water or sand, or you can make use of your own body weight in exercises such as push-ups or pull-ups. The purpose of this exercise is to build muscle mass.

    Make sure you use the right amount of weight for the exercise you are performing. It is important that you do not feel pain during the exercise.

    When you are starting a resistance training program, you will probably feel a little sore for a day or two, but you shouldn’t feel too sore to limit your regular activities. If you find out that you do feel very sore, it means you have used too much weight or you have done too many repetitions.

    Make sure you rest a day more and start again using less weight.

    Exercise program

    When starting an exercise program, begin slowly and build. Start your exercise session with a warm up.

    Your warm up can be as short as just a few stretches, if you are going to work out later in the day when your muscles and joints are already loose. It can also be a short 10-minute stretch session if your work out is first thing in the morning, when your muscles and joints are still tight.

    The purpose of your warm up is not to make you weak but invigorate you and decrease the risk of joint or muscle injury.

    A balanced exercise program is best for you. You can start with an aerobic exercise as a good warmup to a resistance training session.

    Also don’t forget that learning the correct form in a weight training program will reduce the chance of you getting an injury. Go at your own pace. You are not in completion with anybody. Listen to your body. If your work out hurts, stop it.

    Risks of exercise

    • You can become dehydrated if you do not drink enough fluids
    • You can develop injuries which may take time to heal
    • You may lose body mass if you overdo your exercise
    • The wrong form exercise will cause you to be injured

    Cautions

    When starting an exercise program, you should have these important things in mind;

    • Drink water

    Drink water before you start your exercise, during your exercise and after your exercise. If you are feeling thirsty, you have already lost important fluids and electrolytes and you may be dehydrated.

    • Eat nutritious food

    In order to build your muscle stronger, exercise tears it down. You need nutritious foods to supply the raw materials needed to build your muscles.

    • Get enough sleep

    Get enough sleep, your body needs it.

    Lifestyle changes

    Asides exercising, taking your treatments and eating nutritious foods, there are also some lifestyle changes you need to make so as to live a healthy life.

    These changes include;

    • Quit smoking

    People living with HIV, who smoke have more HIV symptoms like coughing and dizziness.

    • Stop illicit drug use

    If you use illegal drugs such as cocaine, stop it or seek attention for your addiction. Sharing needles for the use of such drugs will make you vulnerable to other infections like hepatitis.

    • Practice safer sex

    That you have HIV doesn’t mean the end of your sex life as come. You should always use a new condom whenever you want to have sex. This is to prevent your partner from being infected with the virus.

    Conclusion

    When you find out you are living with HIV, you will be troubled, angry, depressed, but you should know that having this does not mean you are going to die.

    Taking your treatments regularly, making the necessary lifestyle changes, exercising and eating nutritious foods is the key to a healthy life.

  • Cardiovascular Disease: Management & Treatment

    Cardiovascular Disease: Management and treatment options

    Coronary Exercises and diet solutionThe heart is like any other muscle in your body. It requires an adequate blood supply to provide oxygen to allow the muscle to contract and pump.

    The heart does not pump blood to the rest of the body alone. It also pumps blood to itself via the coronary arteries. These arteries originate from the base of the aorta,the major blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood from the heart) and then branch out along the surface of the heart.

    When one or more coronary arteries narrow, it may become very difficult for adequate blood to reach the heart, especially during exercise.

    This can cause the heart muscle to ache like any other muscle in the body. If the arteries continue to narrow, it may take less activity to stress the heart and provoke symptoms. The classic symptoms of chest pain or pressure and shortness of breathe due to cardiovascular or coronary artery disease are called angina.

    If any of the coronary arteries blocks completely—usually due to a plaque that ruptures and causes a blood clot to form, blood supply may be lost.

    This leads to the death of a piece of heart muscle. This refers to as heart attack or myocardial infarction.

    How Can Cardiovascular Disease Be Treated?

    Although cardiovascular heart disease (CVD) has no known cure, treatment can help manage the symptoms and reduce the risk of further problems for you.

    You can manage this condition with certain lifestyle changes, medicine, and some cases surgery. With the right treatment, the symptoms of cardiovascular disease can be reduced and the functioning of the heart improved.

    Cardiovascular treatment options include:

    Lifestyle Changes

    If you have been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease, a very easy way to prevent further episodes is to make some lifestyle changes. These lifestyle changes are;

    • Eat a Healthy Diet

    Eating a healthy balanced diet is very important for your general well being, so you shouldn’t be surprised if your doctor tells you diet plays a big role in improving your cardiovascular health.

    A low-fat, high-fibre diet is recommended. This diet should include plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables (five portions a day) and whole grains.

    You should limit your daily intake of salt to no more than 6g (0.2oz) a day, as too much salt will increase your blood pressure. 6g of salt is about one teaspoonful. There are two types of fat: saturated and unsaturated.

    You should avoid food containing saturated fats, because these foods will increase the levels of bad cholesterol in your blood.

    Foods that are loaded with saturated fats include;

    • Butter
    • Cream
    • Hard cheese
    • Cakes and biscuits
    • Foods that contain coconut oil or palm oil
    • Ghee
    • Meat pies

    Your diet should still include unsaturated fats, which have been shown to increase levels of good cholesterol and help reduce any blockage in your arteries.

    Foods that contain unsaturated fats include;

    • Nuts and seeds
    • Avocados
    • Sunflowers
    • Olive oils
    • Oily fish
    • Rapeseed

    Also avoid adding sugar to your diet. Sugar can increase the risk of diabetes, which may increase your chances of getting cardiovascular disease.

    • Maintain a healthy weight

    Being overweight increases your chance of getting cardiovascular disease. Check your BMI. Your GP or practice nurse can tell you what your ideal weight is in relation to your height and build.

    • Be Physically Active

    The best way to maintaining a healthy weight is combining a healthy diet with regular exercise. Having a healthy weight greatly reduces your chances of developing high blood pressure.

    Regular exercise will help you make your heart and blood circulatory system more efficient, lower your cholesterol level, and also keep your blood pressure at a healthy level.

    Aerobic exercises like running, swimming, cycling, brisk walking, rowing should be done if you have cardiovascular disease. They help improve the cardiovascular system.

    • Quit Smoking

    If you have being smoking, giving it up will reduce your risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

    Smoking is a major risk factor for developing atherosclerosis (furring of the arteries). It also causes the majority of cases of coronary thrombosis in people under the age of 50.

    • Limit or Avoid Alcohol

    Avoiding alcohol will benefit your cardiovascular health. If you drink alcohol, do not exceed the maximum recommended limit.

    Men and women are advised not to regularly drink more than 14 units a week. Spread your drinking over three days or more if you drink as much as 14 units a week.

    • Keep Your Blood Pressure Under Control

    Eating a healthy diet low in saturated fat and exercising regularly will help keep your blood pressure under control. If required taking the appropriate medication to lower your blood pressure.

    Your target blood pressure should be below 140/85mmHg. If you have high blood pressure, ask your GP to check your blood pressure regularly.

    • Keep Your Diabetes Under Control

    If you are diabetic, you are at a greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease. If you have diabetes, being physically active and controlling your weight and blood pressure will help manage your blood sugar level.

    Your target blood pressure level should be below 130/80mmHg.

    • Take Your Medications

    If you have cardiovascular disease, your doctor may prescribe medication to help relieve your symptoms and stop further problems developing.

    If you do not have cardiovascular disease but do have high cholesterol, high blood pressure or a history of family heart disease, your doctor may prescribe medication to prevent you developing heart-related problems.

    If you are prescribed medication, it is essential that you take your medication and follow the recommended dosage. Do not stop taking your medication without consulting your doctor first, as doing so is likely to make your symptoms worse and put your health at risk.

    Medications

    A number of different medicines are used to treat CHD. Usually these medications either aim to reduce blood pressure or widen your arteries.

    Some heart medicines have side effects, so it may take a while to find one that works for you. Your GP or specialist will discuss the various options with you.

    You shouldn’t stop your heart medicines suddenly without the advice of your doctor as there is a risk this may make your symptoms worse.

    Medication treatment options include:

    • Antiplatelets

    These are a type of medicine that can help reduce the risk of a heart attack by thinning your blood and preventing it clotting.

    Common antiplatelet medicines include low-dose aspirinclopidogrel, ticagrelor and prasugrel.

    • Statins

    If you have a high cholesterol level, a cholesterol-lowering medicine called statins may be prescribed for you.

    Examples include atorvastatin, simvastatin, rosuvastatin and pravastatin.

    Statins work by blocking the formation of cholesterol and increasing the number of LDL receptors in the liver, which helps remove the LDL cholesterol from your blood.

    This helps slow the progression of cardiovascular disease, and will make having a heart attack less likely to occur.

    Not all statins are suitable for everyone, so you may need to try several different types until you find one that is suitable for you.

    • ·         Beta-blockers

    Beta-blockers, including atenolol, bisoprolol, metoprolol and nebivolol  are often used to prevent angina and treat high blood pressure. These medications work by blocking the effects of a particular hormone in the body, which slows down your heartbeat and improves blood flow.

    • ·         Nitrates

    Nitrates are used for widening of your blood vessels. Doctors sometimes refer to nitrates as vasodilators.

    Nitrates are available in a variety of forms which includes tablets, sprays and skin patches such as glyceryltrinitrate and isosorbidemononitrate.

    Nitrates work by relaxing your blood vessels, letting more blood pass through them. This lowers your blood pressure and relieves any heart pain you have. Some mild side effects, including headaches, dizziness and flushed skin have been associated with Nitrates.

    • ·         ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors

    ACE inhibitors are commonly used to treat high blood pressure. Examples include ramipril and lisinopril.

    These medicines block the activity of a hormone called angiotensin II, which causes the blood vessels to narrow. As well as stopping the heart working so hard, ACE inhibitors improve the flow of blood around the body.

    Your blood pressure will be monitored while you are taking ACE inhibitors, and regular blood tests will be needed to check that your kidneys are working properly. Around 1 in 10 people have kidney problems as a result of taking the drug.

    Dry cough and dizziness are side effects that are associated with these medications.

    • ·         Angiotensin II receptor antagonists

    Angiotensin II receptor antagonists and ACE inhibitors work in a similar way. They are used to lower your blood pressure by blocking angiotensin II.

    Mild dizziness is usually the only side effect associated with this medication. They are often prescribed as an alternative to ACE inhibitors, as they do not cause a dry cough.

    • ·         Calcium channel blockers

    These medications also work to decrease blood pressure by relaxing the muscles that make up the walls of your arteries. This causes the arteries to become wider, reducing your blood pressure. Examples include amlodipine, verapamil and diltiazem.

    Side effects associated with calcium channel blockers include headaches and facial flushing, but these are mild and usually decrease over time.

    • ·         Diuretics

    Also known as water pills, diuretics work by flushing excess water and salt from the body through urine.

    Procedures and Sugery

    If diet, lifestyle changes and medications aren’t enough, it’s possible that your doctor will recommend specific procedures or surgery.

    The type of procedure recommended will depend on the type of cardiovascular disease and the extent of the damage to the affected areas.

    Natural Treatments For Cardiovascular Disease

    Some nutritional supplements and herbs have been proven to be effective in treating cardiovascular disease.

    Some of these natural treatments may interfere with your prescription drug or may not be suitable for some cases. So, make sure you seek the advice of your doctor before you take these herbs and remedies.

    Effective home remedies for cardiovascular disease are:

    • Turmeric

    Turmeric is popularly known to be effective in maintaining heart health. It has an active ingredient called curcumin which aids in the maintenance of heart health by reducing cholesterol oxidation, plaque buildup and clot formation.

    Turmeric also helps lower LDL and provides anti-inflammatory benefits. Being a potent antioxidant, it helps neutralize free radicals that contribute to aging and several chronic diseases.

    Use turmeric regularly in your cooking. You can also boil one teaspoon of turmeric powder in one cup of water or milk. Drink it once or twice daily for several weeks to a few months.

    Alternatively, you can take turmeric in supplement form. The general dosage is 400 to 600 mg of standardized curcumin powder supplement three times daily.

    Ensure you consult your doctor for the proper dosage suitable for your case.

    • Garlic

    Garlic is commonly known to be a remedy for many ailments. It has been proven to be beneficial for conditions like high blood pressure, high cholesterol and coronary heart disease.

    This powerful herb helps slow the development of atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries.

    Garlic also improves circulation and has antithrombotic and antiplatelet aggregatory effects.

    Eat one or two freshly crushed garlic cloves daily. If you find the taste of garlic too strong, drink a glass of milk after eating it.

    Alternatively, you can take garlic supplements. The general recommendation of the supplement is 600 to 1,200 mg of garlic extract divided into three equal doses per day.

    Caution: Garlic may interfere with certain medications due to its blood-thinning properties. Consult your doctor before taking this herb.

    • Fenugreek

    Fenugreek is widely known for its ability to supply the body with antioxidant and cardio-protective benefits.

    This powerful herb is excellent for reducing the risk of atherosclerosis due to its strong modulating effect on blood lipid levels.

    Fenugreek also has the ability to reduce platelet aggregation, thus decreasing the risk of abnormal blood clotting associated with heart attacks and strokes. It also helps lower cholesterol, blood sugar and excess fat.

    Soak one teaspoon of fenugreek seeds in water overnight. The next morning, eat the soaked seeds on an empty stomach. Do this everyday for a few months.

    • Green Tea

    Green tea is widely known to be loaded with powerful antioxidants that improve the health of cells that form the innermost lining of the heart and blood vessels. It helps reduce cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
    Green tea also helps control blood sugar and boosts metabolism.

    Drink three to four cups of green tea (preferably caffeine-free) daily. Alternatively, you can take 100 to750 mg standardized green tea extract per day.

    Conclusion

    If you are living with heart disease, the most important thing to have in mind is that the future is not blank.

    Listening to the advice of your doctor, making positive lifestyle changes, and knowing where to look for the support you need, can help you maintain a full and productive lifestyle. Learn more here